# Math Resources for K-5

Below are some helpful resources that you can use to gain a better understanding of the elementary math curriculum as well as ways in which you can support your child at home.

## What end of year success looks like

View short videos of students displaying end of year grade level success in reading, math, and writing.

## Good questions to ask when your child gets stuck while solving a problem

What is the question?

• Can you restate it in your own words?

• Can you say it in a different way?

What information will you need to solve it?

• Where will you find the information?
• Do you need all of the information on the list, table, graph, etc.? Why or why not?

What should you do with the information?

• Should you add, subtract, multiply or divide? Which one? Why?
• What in the problem tells you to add, subtract, multiply or divide?
• What is the equation that matches this problem?

• How do you know it is a reasonable answer?
• If it doesn’t make sense, what could you do?
• Were you confused at any point?
• Where did you get stuck?
• How did you get unstuck?
• Does this problem remind you of other problems you have solved?

Is there another way to solve it?

• Could you have used a different operation? Explain which one and why.
• Is there another way to solve the problem? Which way is more efficient?
• Could you have made a diagram or used manipulatives to solve it? Explain how.
• How are these different ways connected?

## Parent's Guide to the 8 Mathematical Practices with "I Can" statements for students

#### Standards for Mathematical Practice Parents’ Guide

As your son or daughter works through homework exercises, you can help him or her develop skills with these Math Practice Standards by asking some of these questions:

1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.

Student Friendly Language: I can try many times to understand and solve a math problem.

• What are you solving for in the problem?
• Can you think of a problem that you have solved before that is like this one?
• Are you making progress toward solving it? Should you try a different plan?
• How can you check your answer? Can you check using a different method?

2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.

Student Friendly Language: I can think about the math problem in my head, first.

• Can you write or recall an expression or equation to match the problem situation?
• What do the numbers or variables in the equation refer to?
• What’s the connection among the numbers and the variables in the equation?

3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.

Student Friendly Language: I can make a plan, called a strategy, to solve the problem and discuss other students’ strategies too.

• If I told you I think the answer should be (offer a wrong answer), how would you explain to me why I’m wrong?

4. Model with mathematics.

Student Friendly Language: I can use math symbols and numbers to solve the problem.

• Do you know a formula or relationship that fits this problem situation?
• What’s the connection among the numbers in the problem?  Is your answer reasonable? How do you know?
• What does the number(s) in your solution refer to?

5. Use appropriate tools strategically.

Student Friendly Language: I can use math tools, pictures, drawings, and objects to solve the problem.

• What tools could you use to solve this problem? How can each one help you?
• Which tool is more useful for this problem? Explain your choice.
• Why is this tool (the one selected) better to use than (another tool mentioned)?
• Before you solve the problem, can you estimate the answer?

6. Attend to precision.

Student Friendly Language: I can check to see if my strategy and calculations are correct.

• What do the symbols that you used mean?
• What units of measure are you using? (for measurement problems)
• Explain to me (a term from the lesson).

7. Look for and make use of structure.

Student Friendly Language: I can use what I already know about math to solve the problem.

• What do you notice about the answers to the exercises you’ve just completed?
• What do different parts of the expression or equation you are using tell you about possible correct answers?

8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

Student Friendly Language: I can use a strategy that I used to solve another math problem.

• What shortcut can you think of that will always work for these kinds of problems?
• What pattern(s) do you see? Can you make a rule or generalization?

Adapted from Pearson EnVisionMath Parent Guide 2012