Math Resources for K-5
Below are some helpful resources that you can use to gain a better understanding of the elementary math curriculum as well as ways in which you can support your child at home.
- What end of year success looks like
- How to help your child be successful
- Good questions to ask when your child gets stuck while solving a problem
- Parent's Guide to the 8 Mathematical Practices with "I Can" statements for students
- Parent Roadmaps for grade level support
- Strategies for Fact Fluency
What is the question?
Can you restate it in your own words?
- Can you say it in a different way?
What information will you need to solve it?
- Where will you find the information?
- Do you need all of the information on the list, table, graph, etc.? Why or why not?
What should you do with the information?
- Should you add, subtract, multiply or divide? Which one? Why?
- What in the problem tells you to add, subtract, multiply or divide?
- What is the equation that matches this problem?
Does your answer make sense?
- How do you know it is a reasonable answer?
- If it doesn’t make sense, what could you do?
- Were you confused at any point?
- Where did you get stuck?
- How did you get unstuck?
- Does this problem remind you of other problems you have solved?
Is there another way to solve it?
- Could you have used a different operation? Explain which one and why.
- Is there another way to solve the problem? Which way is more efficient?
- Could you have made a diagram or used manipulatives to solve it? Explain how.
- How are these different ways connected?
Standards for Mathematical Practice Parents’ Guide
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
Student Friendly Language: I can try many times to understand and solve a math problem.
- What are you solving for in the problem?
- Can you think of a problem that you have solved before that is like this one?
- How will you go about solving it? What’s your plan?
- Are you making progress toward solving it? Should you try a different plan?
- How can you check your answer? Can you check using a different method?
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
Student Friendly Language: I can think about the math problem in my head, first.
- Can you write or recall an expression or equation to match the problem situation?
- What do the numbers or variables in the equation refer to?
- What’s the connection among the numbers and the variables in the equation?
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
Student Friendly Language: I can make a plan, called a strategy, to solve the problem and discuss other students’ strategies too.
- Tell me what your answer means.
- How do you know that your answer is correct?
- If I told you I think the answer should be (offer a wrong answer), how would you explain to me why I’m wrong?
4. Model with mathematics.
Student Friendly Language: I can use math symbols and numbers to solve the problem.
- Do you know a formula or relationship that fits this problem situation?
- What’s the connection among the numbers in the problem? Is your answer reasonable? How do you know?
- What does the number(s) in your solution refer to?
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
Student Friendly Language: I can use math tools, pictures, drawings, and objects to solve the problem.
- What tools could you use to solve this problem? How can each one help you?
- Which tool is more useful for this problem? Explain your choice.
- Why is this tool (the one selected) better to use than (another tool mentioned)?
- Before you solve the problem, can you estimate the answer?
6. Attend to precision.
Student Friendly Language: I can check to see if my strategy and calculations are correct.
- What do the symbols that you used mean?
- What units of measure are you using? (for measurement problems)
- Explain to me (a term from the lesson).
7. Look for and make use of structure.
Student Friendly Language: I can use what I already know about math to solve the problem.
- What do you notice about the answers to the exercises you’ve just completed?
- What do different parts of the expression or equation you are using tell you about possible correct answers?
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
Student Friendly Language: I can use a strategy that I used to solve another math problem.
- What shortcut can you think of that will always work for these kinds of problems?
- What pattern(s) do you see? Can you make a rule or generalization?
Adapted from Pearson EnVisionMath Parent Guide 2012