Language Arts in Kindergarten
Your child will be working to develop his or her understanding and mastery of Kindergarten Connecticut Core Standards in English-Language Arts. These standards integrate all aspects of Language Arts development and are categorized under Reading, Writing, Speaking & Listening, and Language. Your child’s teacher will use a wide variety of instructional strategies and formats to help your child learn and progress toward mastery of these standards by the end of the school year.
Apply Concepts about Print
• Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print by
following words-left to right, top to bottom, page by page.
• Understand that spoken words are printed in written language.
• Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
• Recognize and name all upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
Demonstrate Phonological Awareness (the ability to manipulate sounds orally)
• Recognize and produce rhymes.
• Understand words are made of syllables that can be put together and taken apart.
• Blend and segment onsets and rimes (/b/-/at/ says “bat”).
• Identify beginning, middle, and ending sounds.
• Substitute beginning, middle, and ending sounds to make new words (cat, cap).
Apply Phonics and Word Recognition Skills
• Produce the correct sound for each letter including short and long vowel sounds.
• Read kindergarten sight words automatically.
• Distinguish between similarly spelled words (map/mop, hat/ham, tim/tip).
Read with Fluency
• Read familiar and emergent texts with purpose and understanding.
Identify Key Ideas and Details
• Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding in fiction and
• Identify main idea and retell familiar stories with key details.
• Identify character, setting, and major events in stories.
• Describe connection between two individuals, events, or ideas in informational
Understand the Structure of Texts
• Ask and answer questions about unknown words.
• Recognize common types of texts (storybooks, poems, etc.)
• Identify author and illustrator and define their roles.
• Identify parts of a book (cover, title page).
Integrate Knowledge and Ideas Within and Across Texts
• Recognize that illustrations complement and add to the meaning of text.
• Compare/contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.
• Identify reason an author gives to support points in an informational text.
• Identify the similarities and differences between two informational texts on the
Read and Comprehend a Range of Texts with Appropriate Grade Level
• Engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
Demonstrate Command of Conventions of Standard English
• Print uppercase and lowercase letters.
• Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.
• Form plural nouns.
• Understand and use question words.
• Use common prepositions (from, in, out, on, off).
• Speak in complete sentences.
• Capitalize the beginning of sentences and the pronoun “I”.
• Recognize and name end punctuation.
• Spell simple words phonetically with a beginning, middle, and end (i.e., mtn=mitten).
Understand and Use Grade Appropriate Vocabulary
• Use the context of a story to identify the meaning of words.
• Use the knowledge of prefixes and suffixes to understand the meaning of a word.
• Sort common objects into categories.
• Understand word opposites.
• Identify real life connections between words and their use.
• Act out similar verbs (walk, strut, march).
• Utilize acquired vocabulary from reading and conversation.
Write a Variety of Text for Various Purposes
• Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to share an opinion, tell a story, and share information.
Produce and Publish Clear and Coherent Writing
• Add detail to writing and edits with support from peers and adults.
• Explore digital resources for use in writing.
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
• Participate in shared research and writing projects.
• Recall information from experiences or gather information from sources to answer a question.
Speaking And Listening
Participate in Collaborative Conversations with Understanding about Kindergarten Topics and Texts
• Follow rules for discussion.
• Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.
• Confirm understanding through questioning and request clarification if needed.
Present Knowledge and Ideas Clearly
• Describe familiar people, places, things, and events to provide additional detail.
• Add drawings to provide additional detail.
• Speak audibly and clearly.
• Engage in a variety of fine motor activities using pencils, markers, crayons,
playdough, and scissors.
• Is introduced to the upper- and lower-case manuscript alphabet and practices
letter formation in written work.
• Write name using upper- and lower-case letters.